The New Europe Bridge, previously known as the Danube Bridge 2 (Bulgarian: Дунав мост 2, Dunav most 2), and informally called the Vidin-Calafat Bridge or Calafat-Vidin Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост Видин–Калафат, Most Vidin–Kalafat; Romanian: Podul Calafat–Vidin), is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Vidin, Bulgaria, and Calafat, Romania. [15] Romania wanted transiting trucks to stay in their country as long as possible by placing the bridge further east, between Turnu Măgurele and Nikopol. The Danube River catchment basin comprises 42.5% of the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria and total… The bridge has a separated path for pedestrians and cyclists, but the approach to this cycling track seems to be not signposted clearly enough. The bridge connecting it to the capital of Romania, Bucharest, is only 45 miles (75 km) away, and makes it a popular weekend destination with the inhabitants of the Romanian capital. [41] His body was not found. The project will construct a new bridge, main road and connecting road, improving transport links from the Black Sea to north-east Romania. The latter, with the official name New Europe Bridge, was built for combined transport, road and rail. In 2005 and 2006, consultants were hired to control all procedures in the building process and private companies were invited to send in a bid. ", "European Investment Bank Activities in South Eastern Europe", "Bridge to a new era for Bulgaria and Romania", "Bulgaria: EC Backs Down over Danube Bridge Funding", "The construction of Danube Bridge II begins", "Станишев направи първа копка на Дунав мост 2", "Строителството на Дунав мост 2 стартира през юни", "През юни тази година ще започне строителството на моста на р. Дунав между Видин и Калафат", "Bulgaria: Land Litigations in Bulgaria Delay Second Bridge over Danube", "Bulgarian-Romanian bridge delayed by land plot disputes", "More delays for Vidin-Calafat Danube bridge", "Klassa.bg - Construction of Danube Bridge 2 delayed due to concession issues", "ROMANIA: Romania Could Lose European Funding of Calafat-Vidin Bridge, Transport Minister Warns", "Bulgaria: EC Snubs Bulgaria, Steps Back over Danube Bridge Funding Alone", "Томислав Дончев: Дунав мост-2 ще е готов до края на годината", "Bulgaria: 18m 'Left' to Bridge Bulgaria, Romania Again", "New Danube Bridge Between Bulgaria and Romania To Improve European Transport Network", "Bulgaria: Bulgarian, Romanian PMs Meet Halfway on Freshly Built Bridge", "Podul dintre România şi Bulgaria de la Calafat-Vidin va fi deschis în primăvara anului viitor", "Cum va influenţa ruta Calafat-Vidin strategia de transport a României. It is the second bridge on the shared section of the Danube between the two countries. Cyclists therefore often continue cycling on the main road instead, as can be seen in this video. It was officially opened with a ceremony held on 14 June 2013. The two countries were initially set to become part of the Schengen Area by the time the bridge would open, and no border police cabins had been ordered until the very last moment. Romania’s Government is evaluating plans for a new bridge project, which would span the River Danube. [35] Bulgarian radio reporters found out about a technical problem: the difference in the height of the bridge deck between two sides of the gap was 45 centimetres (18 in), so closing of the gap was not possible before both bridge decks were adjusted to the same height level. It is the second bridge on the shared section of the Danube between the two countries. This is because here the Danube has a very large mirrored S-shape, spanning across approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi), starting at Novo Selo and ending in Lom. [citation needed] From Lugoj, the first 11.5 km long section of the A6 motorway provides a link to the currently partially under construction A1 motorway and thereby further to Nădlac and the Hungarian border. Ruse oblast is more defined by the Danube valley than its neighbors. In 2004, a research on the design of the bridge was financed by the PHARE program. Bulgaria shares borders to the north with Romania, to the east with the Black Sea, to the south with Turkey and Greece, and to the west with Macedonia and Serbia. [44], The opening of the bridge was estimated to take place in May 2013,[45][46] but technical problems have caused further delay. Cyclists approaching the bridge from Vidin, Bulgaria would have to cross the approach road 1/E79 at some point, to get to the cycling track on the left side of the road, but crash barriers stand in their way. The Danube Bridge 2 is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV. [14] This detour to Ruse often took longer than waiting for a ferry in Vidin or Oryahovo, however, both ways of crossing the border can take a long time. Between 2007 and 2009 not much progress had been achieved. Last, the Calafat-Vidin bridge does not yet have any motorway connections (see below). The bridge is located near the middle of this reversed S. At most part of the Danube river, the Bulgarian bank lies slightly higher above water than the Romanian river bank. Only 16 months after its official opening there are potholes in the road from the bridge to the toll gates, as can be seen further on in the aforementioned video. Vidin municipality had split up land that was needed for the bridge into smaller parcels. "The Calafat-Vidin bridge will be inaugurated on June 14th. The tender process is being opened by the Romanian National Agency for the Administration of Road Infrastructure (CNAIR). [30][31] Taking a closer look on the Bulgarian side, one could notice some preparation of the track leading towards the future bridge, with a small office being built. By April 2012, only one segment in between the bridge decks of PB 9 and PB10 was still missing. [50] Traffic analysis on this route have indicated that (as of 2013) it did not require a motorway status,[51] therefore Bulgaria's priorities remain finishing the already started motorway projects, such as the Hemus and the Struma motorways, as well as the new planned Europe motorway, between Sofia and the Serbian border. [22], Construction officially began on 13 May 2007 in Vidin in the presence of Bulgarian Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev and Special Coordinator of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe Erhard Busek. As of October 2014, any vehicle driving from Vidin to Calafat can be seen on, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:11. Although Bulgaria is south of Romania, crossing the Danube Bridge 2 from Vidin towards Calafat is done from northwest to southeast. [9] In January 2001, the cost for the bridge construction and the adjacent roads toward the bridge was estimated at US$200 million. On 3 October 2012, the remaining gap in the bridge was only 18 metres (59 ft). Out of these borders, 1,181 kilometres are on land, 686 kilometres are on rivers – including the river Danube, which flows along Bulgaria's border with Romania - and 378 kilometres are on the sea. The company that manages the bridge is based in Vidin,[43] the road tolls are collected at the Romanian side of the bridge and each side receives the part of the tolls that they have invested in the bridge (about 80% of the toll funds will go to Bulgaria). „Danube bridge Vidin-Calafat“ АD, 22.10.2020, Due to finishing repair works of the bridge between Vidin and Calafat, from October 15th – October 16th 2020, vehicles crossing from Romania to Bulgaria shall use right lane on the roadway. [68], Effective from 1 July 2013, the following tolls apply for crossing the New Europe Bridge:[69]. [39] In October 2012 it was expected that this company would be located in Sofia.[40]. Repairs took 4 months and were paid by the FCC company, through the warranty established. Some of these technical details consisted of setting up cabins for the border police that checks the traffic between Bulgaria and Romania. Today it's just the "Danube Bridge". The gap between the bridge decks of pillars PB10 and PB11 was closed during the summer. In February 2012, the Bulgarian Minister of European Union Funds Management Tomislav Donchev said that he expected the bridge to be finished by the end of 2012. Axa București-Giurgiu, principala victimă a noului pod peste Dunăre", "Bulgaria: Bulgaria, Romania PMs To Premiere Danube Bridge 2", No Sign of Romanian Worker Who Fell off Danube Bridge 2, Novinite, 21 November 2012, retrieved 1 June 2013, News on website of FCC: The Construction of Danube Bridge Vidin-Calafat – unbreakable, 26.05.2013. In May 2013, the FCC subcontractor Eptisa tested the bridge with heavily loaded train cars and trucks. Official website of the maintenance company of the bridge, website of the construction of Danube Bridge 2, Construction of ... Bridge ... at Vidin-Calafat, Bridge ... between Vidin (Bulgaria) and Calafat (Romania), FCC`s teamwork in the Danube Vidin-Calafat`s bridge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Europe_Bridge&oldid=997255548, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles with failed verification from July 2013, Articles with dead external links from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Four lanes of roadway, one railway track and a combined bicycle path/pedestrian walkway (, Trucks up to 7.5 t; Vehicles between 9 and 23 seats, Trucks over 12 t with up to 3 axles; Vehicles with over 23 seats, Images with the construction status of the bridge were posted regularly on the, A live traffic camera has been installed. The section will be provided with the relevant road signs! Traffic will remain blocked until 8 pm, the demonstrators warned. Visible construction actually started in 2009, on the Bulgarian bank of the Danube river. Despite the low water levels in the Danube river construction continued swiftly, working on the abutment A3, on the Romanian river bank. [23][24] According to former Romanian Minister of Transport, Constructions and Tourism Radu Berceanu, construction was planned to be completed in 2010, with most of the construction to be done by Bulgarian subcontractors.[25][26]. If the building process continued at the same speed, reportedly, one may have expected that the last gap, between pillars PB11 and PB12, was closed in November 2012. The New Europe Bridge, previously known as the Danube Bridge 2 (Bulgarian: Дунав мост 2, Dunav most 2), and informally called the Calafat-Vidin Bridge (Bulgarian: Мост Видин–Калафат, Most Vidin–Kalafat; Romanian: Podul Calafat–Vidin), is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Vidin, Bulgaria, and Calafat, Romania. [37] At the event, the Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov declared that he expected that the bridge would be opened in spring 2013. Due to implementation of repair works on road overpass on E-79 in the Romanian part of the Border check-point at Danube Bridge Vidin–Calafat, beginning from November 10th 2020 until November 16th 2020 a temporary road organization will be introduced. The project has an estimated cost of nearly €440 million. The new bridge on the Danube between Bulgaria and Romania, until now known as Danube Bridge 2, will be named New Europe. [11] Another factor that would make ferry traffic impossible or difficult were the very cold winters, when the Danube river sometimes freezes completely. The cost of building the bridge, without the adjoining infrastructures was estimated in 2000 to be €99 million. [20][21], In 2012, the cost of building the Danube Bridge 2 and its adjoining infrastructures raised to the sum of €226 million. The transit fee is 6 Euros", "European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries", "Strategy for the development of the transport system of the Republic of Bulgaria until 2020", "Topul celor mai aglomerate sosele din Romania. [9] In fact, the whole country became isolated, since Bulgarians had always been relying on the road through Serbia for their transit transport to Western Europe.[10]. At the point where the railway meets the road, a gap in the median crash barrier has been adapted to serve as a U-turn lane. Formerly known as Danube Bridge 2, the New Europe Bridge is part of a major transport infrastructure upgrade in Bulgaria and Romania. Due to the failure to meet the original deadline, Bulgaria almost lost the financing of the whole project,[32] but they were granted more time to finish the bridge by the end of 2012,.[33]. Crossing borders from Bulgaria to Romania through Ruse/Giurgiu bridge of Danube River. The total weight used for the tests was 1,992 tonnes. During the late 1990s, Bulgaria had to close its border with Yugoslavia, because of the war in Kosovo, followed by an international economic boycott against Yugoslavia. As early as in 1909[7] the local authorities in Vidin (in Bulgaria) had first expressed their interest in building a bridge to Calafat (in Romania), by sending a petition to the Bulgarian parliament and to Aleksandar Malinov, who was prime minister at that time. Meanwhile, the Danube riverbank was being prepared for the construction of a concrete factory. Foundation per pier was composed by 24 in situ piles 2 m diameter and depths ranging between 68 and 80 m (one of the deepest in situ foundation project in Europe), executed by maritime means. For centuries there had been no bridges crossing the Danube river between Bulgaria and Romania since the destruction of Constantine's Bridge, which was built by the Romans, until the Giurgiu–Ruse Friendship Bridge was built and opened in 1954. It is made by 300 segments of 120 t everyone and 162 – of 250 tons. It will provide for both road and rail links. A research under the European PHARE programme found that the most profitable place for the bridge would have been between Lom and Rast, but neither countries agreed with this. This photo taken on Thursday, June 13, 2013 shows the new bridge between Bulgaria and Romania, in the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. In its first year of operation, it was discovered that water was leaking in between the asphalt road cover and the bridge deck. Bulgarian Prime Minister Ivan Kostov wanted to give the project a credit loan of US$180 million. Bridge deck ready, but finishing works still lasted 8 months, Panoramic view of the bridge under construction, Romanian Minister of Transport, Constructions and Tourism, "Construction of ... Bridge ... at Vidin-Calafat", Commissioner Hahn hails opening of ‘New Europe Bridge’ as a potent symbol of European Cooperation, Bulgaria-Romania New Danube Bridge Named 'New Europe' Novinite/Sofia News Agency, 15 June 2013, "One-mile-long bridge across Danube due to open", Дунав мост 2 - 100-годишна сбъдната мечта, "The Danube's Economic Blues; Balkan Area Hopes a Bridge Can Put It on Road to Riches", "Record Danube Low Freezes River Traffic", "Bulgaria faces further fatal freeze a day after Black Sea devastation", "Bulgaria: Danube Freeze Shuts Bulgarian-Romanian Ferries", "Balkan experts to tackle Danube bridge stalemate", "Bulgaria, Romania disagree again over Danube bridge", "The Second Danube Bridge: Where Is the Problem Actually? Construction started in 1952, finished in 1954. It is an extradosed bridge and was built by the Spanish company Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, at the … These historical documents were shown on Bulgarian television in June 2013, during a report on the Second Danube Bridge. [18][19] Thanks to the lobby of Bodo Hombach, the European Investment Bank granted the project a credit loan of €50 million in December 2000. The official opening has been scheduled for June 14 and will be attended by Romanian prime minister Victor Ponta and European Commissioner for Regional Policy Johannes Hahn. The bridge is located between Vidin (Bulgaria) and Calafat (Romania).It is 1971 meters long. The section will be provided with the relevant road signs!„Danube bridge Vidin-Calafat“ АD, 24.11.2020, Due to implementation of repair works on road overpass on E-79 in the Romanian part of the Border check-point at Danube Bridge Vidin–Calafat, beginning from November 10th 2020 until November 16th 2020 a temporary road organization will be introduced. In 1999, a stability pact for South East Europe was signed by banks and national governments, aiming to bring investments to countries like Bulgaria and Romania. Starting at PB9, the bridge deck was extended segment by segment and soon the first stay cables could be seen. Pending issues were how and where that company would be registered, dispute resolution methods and what fiscal law it would be subject to. Inaugurated in 1987, the bridges have a total length of 2,622.85 m (8,605.2 ft) of which 1,640.35 m (5,381.7 ft) over the Danube and 982.5 m (3,223 ft) over Borcea branch of the Danube. Vehicles travelling from Novo selo to Vidin shall use a bypass route through the road E79 and the “Bregovo” road junction. Protesters demand the resignations of Premier Boyko Borissov and prosecutor General Ivan Geshev. [58], The remainder of the A6 motorway, currently in the pre-feasibility phase, would include a connection to the bridge in one of its considered routes,[59] and a new planned European transit route named Via Carpathia, connecting Lithuania to Greece, was recently discussed in the European Parliament and includes the Calafat–Vidin Bridge on its route. The national road from Sofia to Vidin (I-1/E79) is linked to the Hemus motorway (A2) up to the city of Botevgrad, and continues with a dual carriageway road to Vratsa. The movement of vehicles from Bulgaria to Romania shall use right lane on the roadway. [60] The Romanian PM Victor Ponta made a statement after the inauguration of the bridge that Romania plans to build a motorway between Craiova and Calafat. The main road (1/E79) was supposed to have 2 lanes in each direction, but the left lane now ends into the U-turn-facility, which is signposted rather sparsely, thus forming a safety risk to both traffic overtaking at higher speeds and cyclists, as can be seen in this video, filmed in October 2014. [6] The first vehicles were allowed to cross the bridge after midnight, on 15 June 2013. The new bridge connecting Romania and Bulgaria via the cities of Calafat and Vidin should be ready at the beginning of May and crossing the bridge across the Danube will cost EUR 2 for cars. This bridge is connecting Bulgaria (Ruse) and Romania (Giurgiu) over the great Danube river. It is an extradosed bridge and was built by the Spanish company Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, at the cost of €226 million. This bridge is located 307 kilometres (191 mi) downstream and before 2013 it was the only other bridge across the Danube border that Bulgaria shares with Romania. There is also another road from Sofia to Vidin (81), via Kostinbrod and through the Petrohan Pass to Montana. They will serve also as border checkpoints until both Bulgaria and Romania enter the Schengen Area. [48], According to the planned road network of Pan-European corridors, the bridge was supposed to have access to the Bucharest – Craiova – Timișoara – Budapest motorway by 2017, allowing rapid transit from North-western Bulgaria, to South-western Romania, Eastern Hungary and the rest of Europe. Constantine’s Bridge on the Danube River, the largest river bridge in ancient times, was a bridge in the Roman Empire which connected the major city of Ulpia Oescus (today’s Gigen in Northern Bulgaria) in the Moesia Superior province with Sucidava (today’s Corabia in Southern Romania) in the Dacia Province.. In 2009, it became clear that the building of the second Danube Bridge could not be finished by the end of 2010, since it had not yet really begun. By June 2010, only the bridge crossing over the small island had been built. The foundation of the pillars in the navigable channel of the river were built during the same year by special foundation contractor TERRATEST. Before this bridge opened, the only connection between Bulgaria and Romania was the Ruse bridge (in the east, around 55 kilometres from Vidin), which will now be refurbished. However, the city of Vidin is lying lower and is protected by dikes, while the bank on the Calafat side is high above Danube river. The Vidin-Calafat bridge is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV, which runs from Dresden (Germany) to Istanbul (Turkey) and is considered an essential network for the development of transport in the area. The total length of Bulgaria’s borders is 2,245 kilometres. [34] Throughout the year 2012 the bridge got into shape. Vidin-Based Company to Run 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Bridge, Bulgaria, Romania to Divide Danube Bridge 2 Toll Revenues according to Investments, Novinite/Sofia News Agency, 29 October 2012, retrieved 1 June 2013, 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Bridge to Be Launched May Earliest, Novinite, 9 April 2013, retrieved 1 June 2013, Bulgarian President: Danube Bridge 2 to Be Ready by Mid-May, Novinite, 10 April 2013, retrieved 1 June 2013. Residents of the Danube city of Ruse blocked traffic near Danube Bridge border crossing at the Bulgaria-Romania border. However, another video recorded in October 2014 shows that it is no longer possible to sneak through that parking lot and drive back over the bridge to Bulgaria for free. During the night, with little trucks arriving, ferry passengers had to wait several hours to cross the Danube river. [62] The route from Kapitan Andreevo (the border between Bulgaria and Turkey) to Nădlac (the border between Romania and Hungary) across the Calafat–Vidin Bridge is approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) shorter than the route across the Giurgiu–Ruse Bridge, which had been the most used route between the two countries for the freight traffic. The Vidin-Calafat Bridge over the Danube River will provide an important link in the transport infra-structure of both Bulgaria and Romania, and will form part of the southern branch of the pan-European transport Corridor number IV. Further from Drobeta-Turnu Severin, the DN6 road to Lugoj, has also recently been under rehabilitation works and bypasses all the major settlements on the route. In 1998, Greece offered to invest in the bridge, since they wanted a road linking Thessaloniki to the rest of Europe through Romania, as Greece was also cut off from Europe by the war in Kosovo and the boycott against Yugoslavia. Pe unde ar trebui construite autostrazi", "Bulgarii ne-o iau înainte: Şoseaua şi calea ferată, mai bune la Vidin decât la Calafat", "Constructia Autostrazii LUGOJ-DEVA, sectorul Lugoj - Dumbrava de la km 0+000 – km 27 +472 si Drumul de legatura in lungime de 11,4 km", "Elaborare documentaţie faza de proiectare SPF pentru obiectivului de investiţii Autostrada Sudului", "Via Carpathia transit route discussed in the European Parliament", "Premier Ponta: Motorway connection envisaged between Craiova and Calafat", "Dinescu, secretarul general al Uniunii Transportatorilor din România: Cele mai multe camioane care tranzitează teritoriul României sunt din Turcia", "UNTRR: Podul Calafat-Vidin scurtează traseul transportatorilor turci prin România cu 230 km", "Ce afaceri leagă podul de la Calafat-Vidin", "Bulgaria: 2nd Bulgaria-Romania Danube Bridge to Be Ready by End 2012", "Un pod de construcţie spaniolă la Calafat-Vidin va relansa economia Europei de Est", "Разширяват 1,5 километра от пътя Бяла в посока Русе", "23% годишен ръст в трафика през Дунав мост II", "Decree of Council of Ministers about the tolls for Danube Bridge Vidin-Calafat", "Guvernul a stabilit TAXELE pentru trecerea peste podul de la Calafat-Vidin", Bulgaria: Bulgaria-Romania 2nd Danube Bridge 73% Completed, Bulgarian-Romanian bridge delayed by land plot disputes. 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