[213][214], On 15 May, Captain Lee, First Mate Kang Won-sik (who was responsible for managing the ship's ballast), Second Mate Kim Young-ho, and Chief Engineer Park Gi-ho were indicted on charges of homicide through gross negligence (also described as murder), which carry a potential death penalty. As criticism of her handling of the disaster grew stronger, the Park administration established a commission to monitor and prosecute her critics. [294][295], Kim Gwan-hong, a Sewol diver, died from apparent suicide in June 2016 after suffering injuries during search and rescue operations that meant he was unable to work again as a diver. 245 victims of them were teenagers. [91] Other crew members corroborated this order, instructing passengers to stay put. [105] At 9:33 a.m., after confirming that nearby ships had volunteered to help in the rescue operations, the VTS told all ships to drop lifeboats for the passengers. [144] At 12:30 a.m., hull investigations were started by the ROK Coast Guard with the help of flares. [159] An Undine Marine diver died on 6 May,[160][161] followed by another diver's death on 30 May. 174 der 476 Menschen an Bord überlebten das Unglück; 187 Menschen wurden unmittelbar nach dem Unglück tot geborgen. [278], On 17 April, a representative of the Cheonghaejin Marine Company apologized for the incident. The aftermath of the sinking is documented in a film, created by two British filmmakers that were living in South Korea during the tragedy. The sinking of MV Sewol (Korean: 세월호 침몰 사고; Hanja: 世越號沈沒事故), also called the Sewol ferry disaster, occurred on the morning of 16 April 2014, when the ferry was en route from Incheon towards Jeju in South Korea. The chief engineer of the ferry, Park Gi-ho, was found guilty of murder and jailed for 30 years. [29]:30 She departed around 9 p.m., and was the only ship to leave port that evening. [66] The order was given at 8:48 a.m. After realizing that the ship was heavily listing to starboard, which led the bow to turn to the right, she gave an order to turn the wheel to port. On 22 July 2014, police revealed that they had established that a dead man found in a field 415 kilometres (258 mi) south of Seoul was Yoo. The captain escaped and the country's presidential office focused on getting a camera to the scene after a distress call. [17] The 6,825-ton vessel sent a distress signal from about 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) north of Byeongpungdo at 08:58 KST (23:58 UTC, 15 April 2014). South Korean ferry sinks – Lee Joon Suk, the captain of the Sewol, is escorted to the court that issued his arrest warrant Friday, April 18, in Mokpo, South Korea. [65] Captain Lee was absent from the bridge at the time. [29]:36–37 The regular captain of Sewol, Captain Shin, had warned Chonghaejin about the decrease in stability and attributed it to the removal of the side ramp, later claiming that the company threatened to fire him if he continued his objections. [271], On 27 April, Jung Hong-won, the prime minister of South Korea, accepted responsibility and announced his resignation. When Sewol arrived at the channel at 8:27 a.m. at a course of around 137 degrees, the wind speed was between 4 and 7 meters per second, the wave height about 0.5 meters, and the visibility good. The Incheon branch then talked with the first mate in five telephone calls over the next 35 minutes. [252] The director's cut of the film was made available for public viewing on YouTube on 31 August 2015. Out of 476 passengers and crew, 304 died in the disaster, including around 250 students from Danwon High School (Ansan City). We ask that the court sentence him to death." [36] After the inspections, 37 tons of marble were further added to the gallery room at the bridge deck located on the back of the ship. [219] Four other company officials were also taken into custody. [239] Judge Jeon Il-ho explained: "We drew a distinction between the Captain Lee Joon-seok who has a grave responsibility and crew members who took orders from the captain. He advocated an explosion as the most probable secondary cause. [186], On 19 April, Captain Lee Jun-seok, the captain of the ferry was arrested on suspicion of negligence of duty, violation of maritime law and other infringements. [79] As of 8:50 a.m., Sewol was leaning 30 degrees to port. [172] At 10 p.m., Yonhap confirmed that the death toll had risen to fourteen. Criticism has ranged from anger at the lax regulatory environment which may have contributed to the safety violations that could have sunk Sewol,[257] to anger about the rescue operations,[258] to anger at Park Geun-hye, then President of South Korea, whose approval ratings fell from a high of 71 percent before the disaster to "the 40 percent range" weeks afterwards. [111] The captain was rescued around 9:46 a.m.[112][113], As the ship capsized, some passengers followed the announcements to stay put, even as the water came in. A subsequent investigation by the Moon administration launched in October 2017 revealed President Park Geun-hye spent crucial early hours of the rescue operation in her bedroom, meeting with Choi Soon-sil and also getting her hair done before attending emergency meetings at 5pm, 8 hours following the sinking. [305], Important Announcement repeated during capsizing. Message from President Moon Jae-in on 6th Anniversary of Sewol Ferry Tragedy (Unofficial Translation) “The children on the ferry Sewol have bequeathed us empathy. Die Sewol (kor. [95] Choi did not survive the capsizing and was later found dead. This is the story of MV Sewol… [96] At 9:01 a.m., a crew member on Sewol called the Incheon branch of Chonghaejin to report the situation, and Chonghaejin's head office located in Jeju then called Captain Lee at 9:03 a.m. for a report of the situation. [199], Renovations which added extra passenger cabins have been proposed as a main secondary cause by Kim Gill-soo (김길수), a professor in the maritime transport technological department at the Korea Maritime University. "[296], On 22 March 2017, the salvage operation began to raise the wreck of sunken Sewol. Photo: AFP / EyePress/ Korea Coast Guard. A unanimous Constitutional Court ruling on 10 March 2017 upheld the impeachment vote, ending her presidency. [102], Sewol took two and a half hours to sink. The captain of a South Korean ferry which sank with the loss of 304 lives apologises in court - but denies committing murder. [191] Sewol was carrying 3,608 tons of cargo, more than three times the limit of 987 tons. Overloading and improperly secured cargo were also seen as direct causes. [46] Lee worked with thirty-three crew members for the journey,[47] of which nineteen were irregular, part-time workers. [102] During this time, Lee told passengers to stay in their cabins. [123], During the capsizing and the subsequent reporting, the South Korean government's announcements, as well as those from the South Korean media, were inconsistent and inaccurate. [63] One surviving passenger, Choi Eun-seun, recalled having gone up to the deck to smoke right before the incident. Relatives of victims were distraught at the verdict, with some weeping. [146] Three more people were found dead at 11:00 a.m. and the confirmed death toll rose to nine. The Korea Coast Guard set up a rescue operations headquarters at 9:10 a.m.[129], Patrol Vessel No. [273][274][275], On 18 May 2014, the BBC reported that President Park Geun-hye announced South Korea "plans to break up its coastguard" after it had failed to respond well during the MV Sewol ferry disaster. [194] According to the off-duty captain of Sewol, the ship owners ignored his warning that the ship should not carry so much cargo because she would not be stable.[195]. [133] Passengers who had reached the deck or jumped into the water were rescued, including Captain Lee, but rescuers could not get inside the ship due to the list. [134] At the same time, the Ministry of Health and Welfare sent emergency vehicles and the first squad of the Disaster Medical Support Team (재난의료지원팀) to Jindo. In recent maritime disasters, captains don't hang around", "Breaking Proud Tradition, Captains Flee and Let Others Go Down With Ship", "[Ferry Disaster] Communications log shows gross negligence of crew", "South Korea's Park says conduct of ferry crew tantamount to murder", "Entire Crew That Navigated Sunken South Korean Ferry 'Sewol' Now in Custody", "Korea Charges Four Crew Members of Sunken Ship With Homicide", "South Korea Ferry Disaster: Heroes Among 'Sewol' Crew Praised", "South Korean Prosecutors Arrest Chief Executive of Sewol Ferry Operator", "The Chosun Ilbo (English Edition): Daily News from Korea – Ferry Owner Summoned for Questioning", "Speculation about Sewol-ho ferry owner's whereabouts rises again", "Cult followers in standoff with prosecution", "Sewol owner may have fled church compound", "Reward Offered for Missing South Korea Ferry Owner", "Cat-and-mouse game continues for Yoo clan", "Body believed fugitive owner of sunken ferry", "South Korea Ferry Probe: Cargo Was Three Times Recommended Maximum", "Arrest warrants issued for two ship inspectors", "South Korea ferry disaster: prosecutors seek death penalty for captain", "Sewol owner's son gets three years in jail", "Ferry trial – Sewol captain sentenced to 36 years in jail", "South Korea ferry boss jailed for 10 years over Sewol sinking", "Sewol ferry: S Korea court gives captain life sentence for murder", "South Korean Court Lowers Jail Sentence of Ferry Company's Chief", "South Korea | Country report | Freedom in the World | 2015", "Korean Prosecutors Indict Japanese Journalist on Defamation Charge - WSJ", "US journal criticizes Park's regression into dictatorship", "Park Geun-hye: Court ousts South Korea's scandal-hit president", "[Exclusive] The Blacklist Started with the Sewol", 6 Ex-Officials in South Korea Are Sentenced for Blacklisting Artists, Seven-hour mystery about Park, Sewol solved, "New film "After The Sewol" explores the aftermath of the Sewol ferry disaster - JEJU WEEKLY", "Oscar-Nominated 'In The Absence' Takes Haunting Look At Sewol Ferry Disaster", "Busan Film Review: 'The Truth Shall Not Sink With Sewol, "Pope expresses hope for a "moral rebirth" in South Korea", "Ferry Captain's Selfishness Raises Larger Questions", "Tragic ferry Sewol repeatedly overloaded: report", "South Korea ferry disaster: Families' anger erupts", "South Korea ferry disaster: Distrust, anger over President's actions", "Ruling party lawmaker apologizes over son's Facebook posting", "Prime Minister berated by families of Sewol victims", "Grieving Parents Jeer South Korea's President at Ferry Memorial", "South Korea ferry victims' parents protest at presidential palace", "Obama offers condolences, White House magnolia tree to South Korea", "Statement by the President on the Tragic Ferry Sinking Off the Coast of the Republic of Korea", "Japan PM offers sympathy to South Korea ferry disaster victims", "PM Lee sends condolences to President Park on South Korea ferry disaster", "Xi Jinping Sends Message of Condolences to ROK President over Accident of the Sinking of the ROK Passenger Ship", Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, "South Korean authorities search ferry owner's offices as probe widens", "South Korean prime minister resigns over ferry disaster response", "South Korean president apologizes for response to ferry sinking", "Editorial: What we really need is a "remodeling of the President, "BBC News – South Korea to break up coastguard after ferry disaster", Ministry of Security and Public Administration, "South Korean president dismantles coast guard after ferry disaster", "KR chairman and ceo Chon Young-kee resigns over Sewol". [124] An editorial in The Huffington Post stated that the governmental reports were like a rubber band, 'increasing at one moment and decreasing at another. [51] The Register had noted in a stability test report dated 24 January 2014 that Sewol had become 'too heavy and less stable after modifications were made. [140] At 8:00, operations investigating the ship's hull were ceased. "[237], In the cases against officials over the overloading of cargo, Kim Han-sik, Chonghaejin Marine's chief executive, was found guilty of negligence and received a ten-year prison term. 세월호) war ein RoPax-Fährschiff, das am 16. Ferry Sewol’s captain Lee Joon-seok, 69, was found guilty of gross negligence and received a 36-year sentence in prison, but he was acquitted of murder in the trial that spanned five months. [115] Some passengers who climbed to the top of the ship or jumped into the water were rescued. The court concluded that Cho, who was flustered by the ship turning faster than expected when he was following Park's order to turn to 145 degrees, was attempting to turn to the left when he took Park's order to mean a turn in the opposite direction. [177], The sinking of Sewol is the deadliest ferry disaster in South Korea since 14 December 1970, when the sinking of the ferry Namyoung killed 326 out of the 338 people aboard. The Sewol captain and three of his crew members were first put on homicide trial in 2014 as they were the first to abandon the ferry when it listed and started to sink, failing to rescue hundreds of passengers on board. [133] Rescuers made announcements for five minutes, calling people to abandon ship and jump into the water. The vice principal of Danwon High School committed suicide after being rescued, with media attributing the fact to guilt he had survived, while many of the children died. [220], The Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries revoked Chonghaejin Marine's license to operate ferries on the Incheon-Jeju Island route in May 2014. The sinking of Sewol is the deadliest ferry disaster in South Korea since 14 December 1970, when the sinking of the ferry Namyoung killed 326 out of the 338 people aboard. Cho testified that Park gave an order to turn "in the opposite direction" at this point, which he followed by turning the ship further to the left by 10 degrees, so the total amount of the turn became 15 degrees to the left. "[284], On 22 April, a netizen made a post encouraging others to take part in a yellow ribbon campaign on KakaoTalk. A three-judge panel would announce its verdicts in November. Sewol, the passenger ferry that sank while travelling between the South Korean city of … [170] According to CNN and its affiliate YTN, six people died. Just stay where you are. [165], At 11:01 a.m., Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) began reporting that all students had been rescued; this news was re-reported by other news organizations, and continued until 11:26 a.m.[166] Around 11 a.m. (KST), officers working for the educational departments for the Gyeonggi Province sent text messages to the students' parents stating that all students had been rescued. [65], Later analysis of Sewol's track chart by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries revealed that the ship's Automatic Identification System (AIS) had stopped collecting data from 8:48:37 to 8:49:13; consequently, the Ministry and the Jindo VTS lost 36 and 29 seconds of data, respectively. [55] At the time of the incident, conditions were calm and Sewol was following a route that was frequently used. At this time, Sewol was heading at a course of about 165 degrees at a speed of about 20 knots, and was operating two radar devices. [2] Im Januar 2016 galten noch immer 9 Menschen als vermisst. The overloading was also previously noted by an off-duty captain and the first mate. [139] At 5:13, the Gyeonggi-do Office of Education was reported to have started operating the Ansan Danwon High School Accident Countermeasures Report Compiling Headquarters (안산 단원고 사고대책 종합상황본부). [196] South Korean newspaper The Chosun Ilbo argued that the discharging of ballast water was a cause of the incident. [136], At 2:42 p.m., 150 special forces personnel from the ROK Army Special Warfare Command, including 40 scuba divers, were sent for the operation. [189] Experts such as Lee Sang-yun, a professor and head of the environment/maritime technology institute of the Pukyong National University, also agreed.[190]. [303][304] The remains of a third victim have been discovered relatively intact, although DNA testing is still ongoing[when?] [37] She made three round trips per week from Incheon to Jeju, each one-way voyage of 425 kilometres (264 mi) taking 13.5 hours to complete. [131] People trapped inside the pilothouse were rescued by breaking through the windows. About three minutes after all communications were cut, about 150 to 160 passengers and crew jumped overboard. [192] It is estimated that the actual cargo on the day of the accident weighed 2,215 tons, including 920 tons of trucks, cars and heavy equipment, 131 tons of containers and 1,164 tons of general goods. The salvage crew pumped water out of the ship's ballast tanks and attached air bags to increase the ship's buoyancy. [137] At 3:07, the regional government of the Gyeonggi Province was reported to have started operating the Prevention and Countermeasures Headquarters (재난안전대책본부). [30] After it was purchased on 8 October 2012, it underwent modifications between 12 October 2012 and 12 February 2013, and was registered by Chonghaejin on 22 October 2012. On 19 April, Captain Lee Jun-seok, the captain of the ferry was arrested on suspicion of negligence of duty, violation of maritime law and other infringements as he abandoned the ship with passengers still aboard the ferry, while South Korean law explicitly requires captains to remain on the ship during a disaster. Survivors of South Korea's Sewol ferry disaster have begun testifying against the captain and crew. I take full responsibility. [236], On 11 November 2014, the Gwangju District Court found Captain Lee Jun-seok guilty of negligence and sentenced him to 36 years' imprisonment. [27] She was originally named Ferry Naminoue and was operated from 1994 to 2012[28] as a transport ship for cargo and passengers by the Japanese company A-Line Ferry. The others had lesser charges, including negligence. [285][286] Since then, the yellow ribbon has been used to symbolize mourning for the sinking victims. [19][20][21] Of the approximately 172 survivors, more than half were rescued by fishing boats and other commercial vessels that arrived at the scene approximately 40 minutes before the Korea Coast Guard. [263], Barack Obama, then President of the United States, sent his condolences, stated that the United States would help in the search for survivors, and during a state visit to South Korea presented a magnolia tree from the White House to the high school. [156] On 19 April, a Navy petty officer who was injured during rescue operations died. [186] The existence of the sudden turn has been confirmed by the analysis of the ship's AIS data. [61][62] CCTV data taken at 8:40 a.m. showed students present and socializing on the deck. A prominent South Korean politician from the ruling Saenuri Party, Chung Mong-joon, was forced to apologize when his son wrote a controversial Facebook post criticizing the public for criticizing the government over the disaster. The sinking of MV Sewol (Korean: 세월호 침몰 사고; Hanja: 世越號沈沒事故),[16] also called the Sewol ferry disaster, occurred on the morning of 16 April 2014, when the ferry was en route from Incheon towards Jeju in South Korea. [74][75] The impact caused the ship's gyroscope to erroneously record angular velocities of 15 radians per second on 8:49:40, 14 on the next second, and −11 on the consequent second, and tilt the ship 10 degrees further into the water. 115 galten als offiziell vermisst. This led him to make a turn to the right, causing the front of the ship to rapidly turn right. [267] Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong sent their condolences to the president of South Korea. [18] Out of 476 passengers and crew, 304 died in the disaster, including around 250 students from Danwon High School (Ansan City). A repair for the sinking victims as well main cause was the sudden turn has been used symbolize! 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