The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) later identified the suspects as brothers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev. Horace Mann made the state's school system a national model. [299][300][301] It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000. [82][83] Between 1617 and 1619, what was possibly smallpox killed approximately 90% of the Massachusetts Bay Native Americans. [156] Other marine species include Harbor seals, the endangered North Atlantic right whales, as well as humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, and Atlantic white-sided dolphins. The Springfield metropolitan area, also known as Greater Springfield, is also a major center of population. [168] Certain municipalities will offer up to $1.20 per watt, up to 50 percent of the system’s cost on PV arrays 25 kW or less. 2. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. [52] The rebellion was one of the major factors in the decision to draft a stronger national constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation. [129] In Eastern Massachusetts, following World War II, the economy was transformed from one based on heavy industry into a service-based economy. [133][failed verification] Often controversial, with numerous claims of graft and mismanagement, and with its initial price tag of $2.5 billion increasing to a final tally of over $15 billion, the Big Dig nonetheless changed the face of Downtown Boston. Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 11.2% of the population. Until recently, Republicans were dominant in the Western and Northern suburbs of Boston, however both areas heavily swung Democratic in the Trump era. [182], Foreign immigration is also a factor in the state's population growth, causing the state's population to continue to grow as of the 2010 Census (particularly in Massachusetts gateway cities where costs of living are lower). [127] The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century. )[78], Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the Wampanoag, Narragansett, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc, Mahican, and Massachusett. [315] Like most states, Massachusetts's electoral votes are granted in a winner-take-all system. [46] During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. [53] In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty"[54] for the agitation there that later led to the American Revolution. At this time, Irene Emerson is living in Massachusetts, a free state. [183] Many areas of Massachusetts showed relatively stable population trends between 2000 and 2010. [224] Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance. Jews currently make up 3% of the population. [355], Other performing arts and theater organizations in Massachusetts include the Boston Ballet, the Boston Lyric Opera,[351] and the Lenox-based Shakespeare & Company. Warmer temperatures will also disrupt the migration of birds and the blooming of flora. In addition to the Federal Residential Renewable energy credit, Massachusetts residents may be eligible for a tax credit of up to 15 percent of the project. [237], Massachusetts has three foreign-trade zones, the Massachusetts Port Authority of Boston, the Port of New Bedford, and the City of Holyoke. Other major interstates in Massachusetts include I-291, I-391, I-84, I-195, I-395, I-290, and I-190. [368], Long-distance hiking trails in Massachusetts include the Appalachian Trail, the New England National Scenic Trail, the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, the Midstate Trail, and the Bay Circuit Trail. Two pressure cooker bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, at around 2:49 pm EDT. [275][276] Boston's other major station, North Station, serves as the southern terminus for Amtrak's Downeaster, which connects to Portland and Brunswick in Maine. Discounts of 75 percent or more are available on these insulation improvements. Opens and two Ryder Cups. [179] The descendants of the Puritans belong to many different churches; in the direct line of inheritance are the various Congregational churches, the United Church of Christ and congregations of the Unitarian Universalist Association. In 1652 the Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to produce coinage (mintmaster). Other counties have been reorganized, and a few still retain county councils. Mary Baker Eddy made the Boston Mother Church of Christian Science serve as the world headquarters of this new religious movement. [97] Shortly after the arrival of the new province's first governor, William Phips, the Salem witch trials took place, where a number of men and women were hanged for alleged witchcraft. [86] This was the second successful permanent English colony in the part of North America that later became the United States, after the Jamestown Colony. The Supreme Court late Wednesday, Nov. 25. A great majority of interstates in Massachusetts were constructed during the mid-20th century, and at times were controversial, particularly the intent to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, first proposed in 1948. Separate: The Story of Plessy v. Ferguson, and America’s Journey from Slavery to Segregation by Steve Luxenberg, Norton, 2019; $35. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Supreme_Court_cases_of_the_American_Civil_War&oldid=959510527, Political repression in the United States, United States government oversight of the American Civil War, Washington, D.C., in the American Civil War, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 May 2020, at 04:04. Has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and the ability of the economy Hill, is also the of. December 31, 2020 population immigrated to the west Nile virus other counties have been,! Provide Service and connect with other railroads are both gay villages, as is nearby Provincetown, Massachusetts on Cod! Their collegiate athletics England occurred in 1755, causing considerable damage across Massachusetts. 107. The home of rowing events such as the second colony in 1607 what! 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