The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. The third most powerful group of people were vaisyas. Alongside the question of the social organization of the Indus Civilization is a debate over the causes of urbanization. THE CASTE SYSTEM. It was very hot in the Indus Valley so people spent a lot of time outside . What little is known is obtained from two things: Indus script, and archaeology of cities such as Harappa (which gave the civilization its name) and Mohenjodaro. There are other evidences also to give a clear picture of the Indus life. Indus Valley civilization is also known as ‘Harappan Culture’. The Indus Valley Civilization. Besides food was supplied from distant areas by boats plying on There are many seals to support the evidence of the Indus Valley Gods. The figurative use of cradle to mean "the place or region in which anything is nurtured or sheltered in its earlier stage" is traced by the Oxford English Dictionary to Spenser (1590). Below is given a brief account of the social, economic and religious life of the Indus Valley people. The civilization began to flourish . the first The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. Introduction: The development made by human beings by establishing residence, housing, road, agriculture, art, education, dress, etc. The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures, some as accurate as to 1.6 mm. There were four main social classes in Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. Citizens were born into their classes, and could not move, either. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. Scientific and archaeological proofs show the level of scientific and technical achievements of the early civilization. was one of the world's . China, Mesopotamia, Egypt have been widely researched and are well known to us all. Geographical Extent of Indus Valley Civilization • The Indus Valley Civilization was spread over a very large area which is today a part of Northwestern India and Pakistan. Next, he briefs completely about the economic life during that period. In the middle period, this civilization progressed well. LEVELS OF THE CASTE SYSTEM. (a) Food-Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items of provisions were eaten by the subjects of Indus Valley Civilization.Significant stuffs of food comprised wheat, barley, rice, milk, fish, beef, mutton etc., in addition to date, which was their preferred fruit. The art of handicrafts flourished. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE mature period 2600–1900 BCE) located in the western region of South Asia, and spread over what … civilization . But the fourth and equally important one, the far more sophisticated Indus Valley Civilization, seems to have been lost to the world. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. The most powerful group of people in the Indus Valley Civilization were Brahmins. In the Indus Valley Civilization, the society was separated into three distinct groups. Charles Rollin's Ancient History (1734) has "Egypt that served at first as the cradle of the holy nation". The archaeological excavation during the early 20 th century brought into light an extensive civilization in the Indian subcontinent; The Indus valley civilization represents the first phase of urbanization in India; The most of the Indus valley is situated at the valley of Saraswathi river; The Indus valley is spread across 1400 km northwest and 1600 km east-west From 2500-1700 BC, the Indus River Valley Civilization, also called the Harappan Civilization, settled along the southern Indus … Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer delivers the 23rd Gulestan and Rustom Billimoria Endowment Lecture at the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 14, 2020. Most people had small homes which were also used as workshops. Indus Valley civilization dates back to 2500 BC. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. A deep exploration of the Indus script and its evolution in the context of Indus civilization and other neighbouring Bronze Age cultures and their writing systems. Civilization Sources Social Structure. Valley . plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. The Brahmins consisted of Priests, as the government was Theocracy. The Period of Indus Valley Civilizations: • The Indus Valley Civilization consisted of three periods: Primary Period 3800 BC to 2500 BC Middle Period 2500 BC to 1700 BC Last Period 1700 BC to 1300 BC During the primary period, urban life made a great progress. The concept "cradle of civilization" is the subject of much debate. However, scholars do not know how this civilization began. 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